NUTRITIONAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF Termitomyces eurrhizus FROM THE ODISHA
Several wild edible mushrooms are grown in different part of Odisha state of India. Termitomyces are edible class of mushroom and considered as main food stuff. Present study is based on the nutritional and antioxidant components in Termitomyces eurrhizus. Mushrooms were harvested, dried, pulverized and analyzed for the different parameters according to standard protocols. Proximate analysis showed good amount of proteins, carbohydrates, reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars. The results revealed the DPPH free radical scavenging activity and its corresponding AEAC value in significant amounts with carotenoids being the highest, followed by ascorbic acid and phenolic content. The obtained values of the phytochemicals in the three different parts of the mushroom were found to be significantly variable, protein content was found to be high in upper stipe (5.60mg/gm) followed by pileus (4.28mg/gm) and lower stipe (3.70mg/gm) whereas high amount of carotenoids was present in pileus (5.42mg/gm) followed by lower stipe (4.55mg/gm) and upper stipe (3.07mg/gm). The result obtained from this study suggests that T. eurrhizus may be very safe for consumption in terms of phytochemical toxicity and at the same time on account of some medicinal properties.