PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT SOLVENT EXTRACTS FROM LEAF AND STEM OF TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA
Plants produce wide ranges of secondary metabolites, making them a great source of various types of medicines. A continuous and widespread use of medicinal plants throughout the world has enhanced the concern over their safety, efficacy and quality of natural products. Thus a proper knowledge of the phytochemical constituents of the plants is important, because this information will be desirable for synthesis of new pharmaceutical products. The main objective of current investigation was to study the qualitative preliminary analysis of Tinospora cordifolia. It is a well-known medicinal plant for its versatile pharmaceutical properties. Discovery of active compounds and their role in curing diseases from this plant leads its importance. For finding several other compounds the investigation of its qualitative phytochemical analysis of leaves and stems is very important. Five different solvents viz; water, ethanol, methanol, chloroform and petroleum ether were used to obtain extracts of leaves and stems. These extracts were used for qualitative preliminary phytochemical analysis using standard chemical tests. Data indicate the presence of alkaloids, amino -acid, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponines, steroids and cardiac glycosides. Most of the phytochemical components were found in methanolic extract due to high solubility of active compound of T. cordifolia in this solvent as compared to other solvents. The presence of these secondary bioactive phytochemicals signifies the importance of these medicinal plants as an efficient source of therapeutic agent.